The Dangers of Cell Phone Use and Cell Phone Radiation

The electromagnetic field (EMF) has been a natural part of the earth ever since the beginning of the universe and extends throughout all of space. It is a fundamental form of nature. The most familiar form of the electromagnetic field, to us, is found in sunlight. This electromagnetic field is actually the interaction of both an electric field, which is composed of stationary charges, and the magnetic field which consists of wave like currents.

What is most interesting about the electromagnetic field is that, not only does it exist as a natural phenomenon around us, but it is also produced by a large number of the technological advances we have made and that we now tend to take for granted. For example, the microwave oven that most of us heat food or warm the baby’s bottle in produces EMFs. Even your computer screen and your cell phone produce EMFs. Actually, there are many electrical devices in and around your home that produce EMFs. Electrical substations and power lines are other examples of EMF producers outside your home.

Because the amount of EMF exposure has increased, as a result of technological advancement, scientific studies indicate that too much exposure can have a negative impact on human health, specifically increasing the cancer susceptibility rate. Moreover, some studies seem to indicate that children living in close proximity to overhead power lines, in combination with their still developing immune system, are more likely to develop leukemia than children who don’t live near these power sources.

Additionally, due to the increase of EMF exposure there has also been a noted increase in miscarriages, birth defects, breast cancer, brain cancers, and Alzheimer’s disease, to note a few more of the potential hazards of EMF. EMFs have also been associated with an increase of chronic fatigue, depression, headaches, allergies and other environmental disease.

Here’s how EMFs work on the human body. EMFs reduce the pineal glands ability to produce melatonin, which is a hormone that has been medically proven to control circadian rhythms and mood. EMFs also inhibit the immune system’s ability to protect the body from the formation of pre-cancerous cells. When the body’s immune system is compromised the body is more susceptible to contracting any number of antigens that it can’t naturally fight off.

Cell phones are also on the list of EMF producing devices. According to Australian Health Research Institute nearly one third of the world’s population is susceptible to some form of ear, eye, or brain cancer, not to mention that EMFs produced by cell phones also have the potential of causing other body disorders, such as epilepsy, heart problems, migraines, and more. EMFs are also produced by the transfer towers that assist in the signal transmission from cell phone to cell phone.

Because of the EMF threat to your health there are some things to keep in mind. First, reduce the amount of the use of your cell phone. If you are at home and have a land line, use the land line not the cell phone. Also, turn off the cell phone when you are not using it. When out and about keep your cell phone in a place other than a pocket over or near your heart. In addition, you should avoid living or working near transmission masts.

Latin America Melanoma Diagnostics and Therapeutics Market

The Latin America melanoma diagnostics and therapeutics market was valued at USD 106 million in 2015 and is expected to reach USD 234 million by 2020.

Melanoma is one of the serious types of skin cancer that develops from pigment-containing cells called melanocytes. The market for melanoma diagnostics and therapeutics is increasing at a significant rate due to an increase in the prevalence of melanoma and improvement in healthcare facilities. In addition, government initiatives and technical advancements boost the market growth.

The market for melanoma can be segmented based on:

Superficial spreading melanoma
Nodular melanoma
Lentigno maligna melanoma
Acral lentiginous melanoma
Amelanotic melanoma
Cutaneous malignant melanoma
Melanoma of vulva
Vaginal melanoma or melanoma of black passage
Cancer Stage
Stage 0
Stage I
Stage II
Stage III
Stage IV
Sentinel lymph node biopsy
Blood tests
CT scan
Treatment for early stage melanoma
Surgery (Excision and Mohs surgery)
Treatment for advanced stage melanoma
Biological therapy
Targeted therapy
Immune therapy
Geographical regions
Abbott Diagnostics, Agilent Technologies, Roche, GlaxoSmithKline, AstraZeneca, Bristol-Myers Squibb, Eli Lilly, Merck, Novartis, Pfizer, Sanofi, Qiagen N.V. Company and Teva Pharmaceuticals to name a few, are the key players of this market.


Increase in melanoma incident cases
Approval and uptake of premium-priced products
Effective immunotherapies
Label extension of current therapies into the new settings
Government initiatives

Lack of awareness in some developing regions
High cost associated with the therapy
Economic crisis
Regulatory issues

The report will be useful in gaining an exhaustive understanding of the regional market. It will also be of assistance in providing a comprehensive analysis of the major trends, innovations and associated prospects for market growth over the coming half a decade.
The report will be an ideal source material for industry consultants, manufacturers and other interested and allied parties to gain a critical insight into the factors driving and restraining the market, in addition to opportunities offered.
The report contains wide range of information about the leading market players and the major strategies adopted by them.


1) Market definition along with identification of key drivers and restraints for the market.

2) Market analysis with region specific assessments and competition analysis on a global and regional scale.

3) Identification of factors instrumental in changing the market scenarios, rising prospective opportunities and identification of key companies which can influence the market on a global and regional scale.

4) Extensively researched competitive landscape section with profiles of major companies along with their strategic initiatives and market shares.

5) Identification and analysis of the macro and micro factors that affect the industry on both global and regional scale.

6) A comprehensive list of key market players along with the analysis of their current strategic interests and key financial information.



Tongue is a muscular organ associated with the function of deglutition,taste and speech.It acts as an easily accessible organ for the assessment of health of an individual and shows the state of hydration of the body.It is said that tongue is the mirror of the gastrointestinal system and any abnormal functioning of the stomach and intestines will be reflected on the tongue.

Some characteristic changes occur in the tongue in some particular diseases.That is why the examination of the tongue is very essential and will give some clues for diagnosis.All doctors examine the tongue and they consider the changes in size, shape, colour, moisture, coating, nature of papillae and movements etc.

Appearance of tongue in some abnormal conditions:-

1) Movements of the tongue:-

a) In one sided paralysis of the body(hemiplegia)tongue moves towards the parylised side when protruded.

b) Tremulus movement of the tongue is seen in diseases like thyrotoxicosis,delirium tremens and parkinsonisum.Tremor is also seen in nervous patients.

c) In progressive bulbar palsy there will be wasting and paralysis of the tongue with fibrillation.Eventually the tongue gets shrivelled and lies functionless in the floor of the mouth.This condition is associated with dribbling of saliva and loss of speech.

d) In chorea(involuntary rhythmic movements) the patient may not be able to keep the protruded tongue in rest,it will be moving involuntarily.

2) Moistness of the tongue:-

The moistness of the tongue gives some indication about the state of hydration of the body.Water volume depletion leads to peripheral circulatory failure characterised by weakness,thirst,restlessness,anorexia,nausea,vomiting ,dry and parched tongue.

Dryness of the tongue is seen in following conditions.

a) Diarrhoea b) Later stages of severe illness c) Advanced uraemia d) Hypovolumic shock e) Heat exhaustion f) Hyponatraemia g) Acute intestinal obstruction h) Starvation i) Prlonged fasting.

3) Change in colour of tongue:-

a) Central cyanosis:-

Cyanosis is the bluish discolouration of the mucus membrane due to decrease in the amount of oxygen in the blood.This is seen in heart failure,respiratory failure and in anoxia.In cyanosis tongue,lips ect becomes pale bluish.

b) Jaundice:-

This is the yellowish discolouration of all mucus surfaces of the body (including tongue)due to increase of bilirubin in the blood.Jaundice is seen in hepatitis,bile duct obstruction,increased destruction of RBCs and ect…

c) Advanced uremia:-

This is the increase of urea and other nitrogenous waste products in the blood due to kidney failure.Here the tongue become brown in colour.

d) Keto acidosis:-

This is the acidosis with accumulation of ketone bodies seen mainly in diabetes mellitus.Here the tongue become brown with a typical ketone smell from the mouth.

e) Riboflavin deficiency:-

Deficiency of this vitamin (vitamin B2) produces megenta colour of the tongue with soreness and fissures of lips.

f) Niacin deficiency:-

Deficiency of niacin (vitamin B3)and some other B complex vitamins results in bright scarlet or beefy red tongue.

g) Anaemia:-

It is the decrease in haemoglobin percentage of the blood.In severe anaemia tongue becomes pale.

4) Coating on the tongue:-

a) Bad breath:-

The main cause for bad breath is formation of a pasty coating(bio film) on the tongue which lodges thousands of anaerobic bacteria resulting in the production of offenssive gases.Those who complain about bad breath may have thick coating on the posterior part of the tongue.

b) Typhoid fever:-

In typhoid fever tongue becomes white coared like a fur.

c) Candidiasis;-

It is a fungal infection which affects the mucus surfaces of the body.On the tongue there will be sloughing white lesions.

d) In diabetes and hypoadrenalism there will be sloughing white lesions.

e) Secondary syphilis:-

Syphilis is a sexually transmitted diseased caused by trepenoma pallidum infection.In secondary stage of this disease we can see mucous patches which are painless,smooth white glystening opalescent plaques which can not be scraped off easily.

f) Leokoplakia:-

Here white keratotic patches are seen on the tongue and oral cavity.This is a precancerous condition.

g) AIDS:-

In these patients hairy leukoplakia is seen.

h) Peritonitis:-

It is the inflammation of the peritonium(inner covering of abdominal cavity which also covers the intestines and keep them in position) in this condition there is white furring of the tongue.

i) Acute illness:-

Furring is also seen in some acute diseases.

5) Papillae:-

These are small projections on the rongue associated with taste.There are different type of papillae on the healthy tongue.In some diseases there are some abnormal changes which are following.

a) Hairy tongue:-

This condition is due to elongation of filiform papillae seen in poor oral hygeine ,general debility and indigestion.

b) Geographic tongue:-

Here irregular red and white patches appear on the tongue.These lesions looks like a geographic map.The excact cause is not known.

c) Median rhomboid glossitis:-

In this condition there is smooth nodular red area in the posterior mid line of the tongue.This is a congenital condition.

d) Nutritional deficiency:-

In nutrional deficiency there is glossitis(inflammation of tongue) leading to papillary hypertrophy followed by atrophy.

e) Benign migratory glossitis:-

It is an inflamatory condition of the tongue where multiple annular areas of desquamation of papillae appear on the tongue which shift from area to area in few days.

f) Thiamine and riboflavin deficiency:-

Deficiency of these vitamins cause hypertrophied filiform and fungiform papillae.

g) Niacin and iron deficiency:-

In this condition there is atrophy of papillae.Smooth tongue is encountered in iron deficiency.

h) Vitamin A deficiency:-

This causes furrowed tongue.

i) In nutritional megaloblastic anaemia tongue becomes smooth.

j) Folic acid deficiency:-

Here macrocytic megaloblastic anaemia with glossitis is seen.

k) Cyano coblamine deficiency:-

Here glossitis with macrocytic megaloblastic anaemia and peripheral neuropathy is encountered.

l) Scarlet fever;-

In this streptococcal infection there is bright red papillae standing out of a thick white fur ,later the white coat disappear leaving enlarged papillae on the bright red surface and is called strawberry tongue.

6) Ulcers on the tongue:–

a) Apthous ulcer:-

These are round painful ulcers appear in stressed individuals frequently. May be associated with food allergy.Usual sites are tongue,lips,oral mucosa and ect.

b) Herpes simplex:-

It is an acute vesicular eruptions produced by herpes simplex virus.When these vesicles rupture it forms ulcers.

c) Ulcer in cancer:-

Cancerous ulcers are having everted edges with hard base.Bleeding is also seen.Cancer of the tongue is common in tobacco chewers.

d) Syphilitic ulcers:-

Syphilitic fissures are longitudinal in direction.In primary syphilis extra genital chancre is seen on the tongue.In secondary syphilis multiple shallow ulcers are seen on the under surface and sides of the tongue.In tertiary syphilis gumma may be seen on the midline of the dorsum of the tongue.

e) Dental ulcers:-

These ulcers are produced by sharp edges of carious teeth.

Bile Duct Cancer (Cholangiocarcinoma) Treatment with Liver Transplant

The Emory Transplant Center is the only transplant center in Atlanta or the state of Georgia, and one of a few places in the country, performing a novel, life-saving protocol to treat bile duct cancer (cholangiocarcinoma). Cholangiocarcinoma is a lethal and aggressive type of cancer. Traditionally, the disease is treated with resection, surgically removing the tumor, but unfortunately the cancer tends to continue to spread around the bile duct. In the past, patients with non-resectable bile duct cancer had little chance of survival. The new protocol offered at Emory’s transplant center combines chemotherapy and radiation with a liver transplant, improving the likelihood of removing the entire source of cancer during surgery.
Video Rating: / 5