Skin clinical thearphy

The commonest type of cancer is the skin cancer. Skin cancer in medical terminology known as melanoma. According to a WHO report, about 48,000 melanoma related deaths occur worldwide per year. They predominantly occur in skin, but are also found in other parts of the body, including the bowel and the eye. Our skin cells are known as melanocytes so Melanoma can originate in any part of the body that contains melanocytes. It is less common then other skin cancers. Responsible for 75% of deaths related to skin cancer. Worldwide, on average doctors diagnose about 160,000 new cases of melanoma yearly. Females are more affected male in the population.It is common among Caucasians, especially northern Europeanspeople living in sunny climates. There are high rates of incidence has been indentified in Australia, New Zealand, North America , Latin America, and Northern Europe.

if one observes the geographic pattern the primary cause, of skin cancer is ultraviolet light (UV) exposurecrossed with the amount of skin pigmentation in the population.Routine examination of the skin is necessary as to avoid the further consequences of the disease especially the most affected region or population.

Early Signs you may observed are as is cancer early detection is the vital for the good prognosis. Changes to the shape or colour of existing moles or, in the case of nodular melanoma, the appearance of a new lump anywhere on the skin (such lesions should be referred without delay to a dermatologist). At later stages, the mole may itch, ulcerate or bleed.]Any of the below finding is red flag to consult the dermatologists.

Early signs of melanoma are summarized by the mnemonic “ABCDE”:

* Asymmetry
* Borders (irregular)
* Colour (variegated)
* Diameter (greater than 6 mm (0.24 in), about the size of a pencil eraser)
* Evolving over time


* Lesser exposure to the UV radiation especially in the sun and sun bath
* Sun protective clothing like long sleeves, hat with broad brimmed will protect you.
* Sunscreen containing the avobenzone,zinc and titanium efficiently protect the uva and uvb even at lower spf
* Lesser exposure during the 9-3 in the day time.


Depends on several factors are the stage of the cancer (whether or not it has spread), type of cancer, size and location, and the patient’s general health. Depending on these factors, treatment may include surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, and/or photodynamic therapy (uses drug and certain kind of laser light to kill cancer cells). The best treatment options should be discussed with your physician.

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